By Lori Lach, Catherine Parr, Kirsti Abbott
Comprising a considerable a part of residing biomass in the world, ants are necessary to the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. greater than 12,000 species were defined up to now, and it truly is expected that maybe as many nonetheless look ahead to category. Ant Ecology explores key ecological matters and new advancements in myrmecology throughout various scales. The e-book starts with a world point of view on species range in time and area and explores interactions on the group point sooner than describing the inhabitants ecology of those social bugs. the ultimate part covers the hot ecological phenomenon of invasive ants: how they movement around the globe, invade, impact ecosystems, and are controlled through people. each one bankruptcy hyperlinks ant ecology to broader ecological ideas, offers a succinct precis, and discusses destiny learn instructions. functional facets of myrmecology, purposes of ant ecology, debates, and novel discoveries are highlighted in textual content containers during the quantity. The booklet concludes with a synthesis of the present kingdom of the sphere and a glance at intriguing destiny learn instructions. The vast reference record and entire word list are helpful for researchers, and people new to the sector.
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Additional resources for Ant Ecology
2007) McArthur (2007) Suchocka et al. (2008) Dumpert et al. (2006) TAXONOMY, PHYLOGENETICS, AND EVOLUTION Camponotus (festinatus group) Carebara Carebara Centromyrmex Crematogaster Crematogaster (Physocrema) Diacamma Eurhopalothrix Forelius (part) Formica (pallidefulva group) Gnamptogenys Gnamptogenys Lachnomyrmex Lasius (Dendrolasius) Leptothorax Linepithema Lordomyrma Mayriella Meranoplus (part) Meranoplus (diversus group) Metapone Monomorium Monomorium Mycetarotes Mycocepurus Myrmelachista Myrmica (social parasites) Myrmica Mystrium Neivamyrmex Nesomyrmex Odontomachus Oxyepoecus (vezenyii group) Perissomyrmex Perissomyrmex Peronomyrmex Pheidologeton Pheidole Pheidole (roosevelti group) Phrynoponera Polyrhachis Polyrhachis Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) Polyrhachis (Campomyrma) Polyrhachis (Cyrtomyrma) Polyrhachis (ﬂavoﬂagellata-grp) Prionopelta Pristomyrmex Probolomyrmex Proceratium United States New World China Afrotropical Morocco Indochinese Peninsula Australia Neotropical New World Nearctic Oriental and Australian New World Neotropical East Palearctic East Palearctic New World Fiji Oriental and Australian Australia Australia Madagascar Madagascar Neotropical Neotropical North and Central America Costa Rica Palearctic Korea Indo-Australian United States Southern Africa Malagasy Neotropical Worldwide Worldwide Australia China Northern Vietnam Fiji Afrotropical India Sulawesi Melanesia Borneo Borneo, Melanesia, Australia Southeast Asia Indo-Paciﬁc Philippines Oriental Worldwide 15 Snelling (2006) Ferna´ndez (2004, 2006) Xu (2003) Bolton and Fisher (2008a) Cagniant (2005) Hosoishi and Ogata (2008) Shattuck and Barnett (2006) Ketterl et al.
3 Palaeogeographical distribution of fossil ants Understanding how extant ant lineages arrived at their current distribution patterns requires a study of their origins and distribution history. This section examines what we know about ant history based on the fossil record (see also Chapter 1). 1 Geography With almost 50% of extant genera restricted to just one of the biogeographic regions, were early ant ancestors equally isolated on different land masses? For early ants, where was the hotspot of diversity as compared to today’s tropical lowland forest?
8–5 Mya), climate ﬂuctuations caused wet periods to alternate with regimes of cooler and drier weather. During the same era, rising sea levels alternately inundated and reconnected the Sunda Shelf landmasses. Phylogenetic studies of Crematogaster have yielded insights into the climatic and geographical changes that accompanied these events. One clade of Crematogaster ants, the subgenus Decacrema, evolved an extremely close relationship with trees of the Macaranga genus in Sundaland. The ants live exclusively in the hollow stems or domatia of the trees and consume food bodies in the leaves.