Download Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function by Martin Stevens, Sami Merilaita PDF

By Martin Stevens, Sami Merilaita

Within the final decade, study at the formerly dormant box of camouflage has complex quickly, with a number of experiences tough conventional options, investigating formerly untested theories and incorporating a better appreciation of the visible and cognitive structures of the observer. utilizing experiences of either genuine animals and synthetic structures, this ebook synthesises the present kingdom of play in camouflage learn and figuring out. It introduces the different sorts of camouflage and the way they paintings, together with historical past matching, disruptive shade and obliterative shading. It additionally demonstrates the methodologies used to check them and discusses how camouflage pertains to different matters, really in regards to what it could let us know approximately visible belief. the aggregate of fundamental learn and stories exhibits scholars and researchers the place the sector presently stands and the place intriguing and significant difficulties stay to be solved, illustrating how the examine of camouflage is probably going to growth sooner or later.

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Partridge, J. C. & Troscianko, T. S. 2007. Using digital photography to study animal coloration. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 90, 211–237. , Winney, I. S. & Cantor, A. 2008. Testing Thayer’s hypothesis: can camouflage work by distraction? Biology Letters, 4, 648–650. , Stoddard, M. C. & Higham, J. P. 2009a. Studying primate color: towards visual system dependent methods. International Journal of Primatology, 30, 893–917. , Winney, I. , Cantor, A. & Graham, J. 2009b. Object outline and surface disruption in animal camouflage.

Kamil, A. C. 1977. Visual detection of cryptic prey by blue jays (Cyanocitta cristata). Science, 195, 580–582. Popham, E. J. 1941. The variation in the colour of certain species of Arctocorisa (Hemiptera, Corixidae) and its significance. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London A, 111, 135– 172. Rowland, H. , Cuthill, I. , Harvey, I. , Speed, M. & Ruxton, G. D. 2008. Can’t tell the caterpillars from the trees: countershading enhances survival in a woodland. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 275, 2539–2546.

G. 1b; Rana sphenocephala from Cott 1940, p. 84), and the eye itself has some colours that match the stripe and others that match other colours on the head, then the coincidence of two-tone coloration between eye and head-plus-stripe genuinely disrupts the circular form of the eye. 1 and Cott 1940, pp. 69–71), where the (apparently disruptive) patterns on the legs coincide perfectly with patterns on the body when the animal is at rest with its limbs tucked in. In this way, parts of each limb blend with different parts of the animal’s trunk, such that the highest-contrast edges are neither at the outline of the limb nor the trunk; the distinctive shapes of both limbs and body are disguised.

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