By Brian C. Black Ph.D., Richard Flarend
As this e-book makes transparent, civilization can't lengthy proceed to journey on an oil slick. around the globe, many of us have come to determine dependence on coal, and particularly on oil, not just as unsustainable, yet as profoundly destabilizing, either environmentally and politically. whereas ever-increasing calls for remain put on ''mainstream'' strength assets, routine makes an attempt were made to generate energy in ''alternative'' methods.
After retracing a few of these efforts, this succinct and traditionally educated quantity explores the continuing debate over substitute strength that accumulated power within the twentieth century, displaying how that discuss mirrors greater attitudes towards power and intake. Like different volumes during this sequence, Alternative Energy is designed to supply fabric for scholar experiences and debate arguments. it truly is a great sourcebook for these drawn to investigating the issues and clients of different fuels.
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Lately, the ability quarter in different constructing international locations has suffered from a problematic hole among robust, pro-reform rhetoric on the political point, and susceptible, hesitant implementation of the reform measures at the flooring. concentrating on the hot event of strength region reform in India, this paper appears afresh on the challenge of the 'rhetoric-implementation hole' by way of taking the shortcoming of political will as its start line, and picking out the elements that contain it within the present context of India.
As this publication makes transparent, civilization can't lengthy proceed to journey on an oil slick. around the globe, many of us have come to work out dependence on coal, and particularly on oil, not just as unsustainable, yet as profoundly destabilizing, either environmentally and politically. whereas ever-increasing calls for remain put on ''mainstream'' strength resources, habitual makes an attempt were made to generate energy in ''alternative'' methods.
The decade has visible a revolution in international strength. First, we observed explosive progress popular from Asia's emerging powers, which fueled fears approximately shortage and clash. yet we have additionally noticeable an American revolution in expertise and markets, leading to a dramatic bring up in sup-ply. this is often strengthening America's hand on this planet —but it isn't with no issues.
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But regardless of what raw source of energy is used to generate electricity, a kilowatt-hour at the electrical receptacle is still a kilowatt-hour, no matter what the source. WHAT IMPEDES COMPETITION AMONG RAW ENERGY SOURCES? Although it is technically possible for any one raw source of energy to be substituted for any other source, this is not typically done for some consumption sectors. Two examples of this are transportation and commercial/residential heating. In the case of transportation, there is some flexibility, as discussed above, but to be completely flexible, we would need to be able to drive our cars, trucks, trains, ships, airplanes, and so forth on coal, nuclear, wind, solar or any raw energy source.
The main advantage of using hydrogen is that energy, in the form of hydrogen, can be stored during times of low demand and high production and then used during times of high demand and low production. An example of the benefit of storage is that solar energy could then be stored for use at night. The shortcomings of a hydrogen-based energy economy is that hydrogen is currently much too expensive to produce, store, and convert back into useful energy. If the national electric grid were significantly updated to have a much larger capacity, this would also provide the infrastructure for all the raw energy sources to compete with each other.
When a CTL plant is built, the overall supply of gasoline will increase, and thus by simple supply and demand economics, the price of petroleum will decrease. This in turn decreases the price of traditional gasoline. At the same time, the CTL plant will also increase the demand for coal, causing the price of coal, and therefore the price of synthetic gasoline, to rise. These two factors together make the CTL technology less competitive with petroleum. In fact, if the price swings are large enough, they can cause the CTL plant to lose money and go bankrupt, even though it was viable before it started production.