By Dragana Avramov, Miroslava Maskova
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The huge subject of medieval struggle is right here explored around the complete chronological variety of the center a long time, utilizing a large choice of methods, together with literary, prosopographical, technological, and narrative-based research. A key function of the magazine is its dedication to fostering debate at the most vital concerns in medieval army heritage; that culture is sustained right here with Bernard Bachrach's argument opposed to the concept that early medieval army constructions and practices have been sharply diverse from overdue old ones.
Ren? of Anjou is better identified to English language readers because the father of Margaret, queen of Henry VI. Ren? 's failure to make solid his declare to the dominion of Naples or to provide his daughter an honest dowry condemn him as a loser. but he's nonetheless remembered in his lands of Anjou and Provence as "good king Ren?
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Extra resources for Active Ageing in Europe Volume 1 (Population Studies) (Vol 41)
At the same time, in Turkey and Albania it will slightly decrease further. The variation of the ratios around Europe will be much smaller in 2050 compared with 2000. In all countries it should reach the levels between 21 and 32 children per 100 working age population. 3. Total dependency The total dependency ratio (0-14 plus 65+ per 100 persons in the 15-64 year age group) provides a rough indication of overall burden on the potentially active population. It is not only the level of total dependency but also the age structure of dependency that is necessary for policymakers to take into account in their considerations.
3. 4). The progressive ageing of the population in European countries in the next 50 years is reflected in the shifts from the groups with the lower proportions of elderly to those with higher shares of this population segment. Between 2000 and 2015 the number of the countries in which the elderly population should represent more than 15% of the total population will increase from 16 to 28. In seven of them the proportion of elderly is expected to go beyond 20% in 2015. At the same time only three countries are likely to remain below the level of 10%.
At present the factor of war losses is mainly apparent in the very low ratios in the oldest old category. Masculinity ratio of the 50-64 age group varies from above 100 levels in Albania, Iceland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Sweden and Denmark to the levels of 77-79 in Lithuania, Russia, Estonia, Latvia and Ukraine. The high predominance of women even in pre-retirement ages in the latter countries clearly corresponds to the low level of male life expectancy - reaching only about 60-65 years - as well as the large magnitude of sex disparities in life expectancy exceeding 12 years in these countries.