By John Weal
Jagdgeschwader 3 won't have a similar speedy resonance as a few of the extra well-known Luftwaffe fighter devices, such Jagdgeschwader 2 'Richthofen', however it is arguably the archetypal German fighter formation of worldwide struggle 2. not just did it perform each crusade fought via the Luftwaffe (with the exceptions of Poland and Norway), it flew each significant variation of the 2 mythical German wartime combatants, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the Focke-Wulf Fw a hundred ninety - beginning with the Bf 109E in 1939 and finishing with the Fw 190D-9 'Long-nose' in 1945. And, through the process the hostilities, it numbered between its ranks greater than 70 Knight's go winners (a overall handed through just one different Jagdgeschwader). The wealth and diversity of aspect afforded through any such history - including the historical battles of england, Stalingrad, Kursk, Normandy, the Ardennes and Berlin - presents an awesome framework upon which to painting the multitude of reports, exploits and supreme fates of...
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Extra info for Aces of Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet'
Suffice it simply to say that the origins of the fighter unit in question, Jagdgeschwader 3, date back more than five years before the honour title ‘Udet’ was conferred upon it. /JG 232, one of four new Jagdgruppen to be activated on 1 April 1936, was initially set up at Bernburg, some 140 kilometres to the southwest of Berlin. /JG 232 was to undergo a complex and bewildering succession of redesignations. /JG 137, and as such it was later divided into two. (J)/LG 2 of the early war years). /JG 137 during the latter half of 1938.
By the time he forced-landed in Kent, von Werra had upped that total to eight (the last four being a quartet of RAF fighters all claimed on 28 August 1940). An RAF sergeant inspects the record carefully kept by von Werra on the tailfin of his E-4, which also includes five aircraft destroyed on the ground (downward-pointing arrows) This well-known photograph of Knight’s Cross winners Major Günther Lützow (left) and Hauptmann Wilhelm Balthasar (centre) shows an even more impressive scoreboard which, in close-up .
Two of the four Spitfires claimed by the Gruppe over Kent and Essex on that date made aces out of Leutnant Leonhard Göttmann and Unteroffizier Josef Keil, but the action had cost 9. Staffel two pilots shot down and captured. One of them was Leutnant Franz Achleitner, who was fished from the waters of the Thames Estuary after parachuting from his damaged ‘Yellow 8’ off the Kent coast. On 28 August 7. Staffel’s Feldwebel Josef Bauer claimed a brace of Spitfires (probably up from Hornchurch) on the Essex side of the estuary to take his score to six.