Download Absorption-Based Post-combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide by Paul Feron PDF

By Paul Feron

Absorption-Based Post-Combustion trap of Carbon Dioxide offers a accomplished and authoritative evaluate of using absorbents for post-combustion catch of carbon dioxide. As fossil fuel-based energy iteration applied sciences are inclined to stay key sooner or later, a minimum of within the brief- and medium-term, carbon trap and garage might be a severe greenhouse gasoline aid procedure.

Post-combustion trap comprises the removing of carbon dioxide from flue gases after gas combustion, which means that carbon dioxide can then be compressed and cooled to shape a adequately portable liquid that may be kept underground.

  • Provides researchers in academia and with an authoritative evaluation of the amine-based equipment for carbon dioxide catch from flue gases and comparable processes
  • Editors and members are popular specialists within the field
  • Presents the 1st e-book in this particular topic

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Extra info for Absorption-Based Post-combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide

Example text

Making sure that A(b) is an even stronger base is easy but then it will also tend to be very reactive. The only way out is to introduce steric hindrance into A(b) which will not significantly affect the Brønsted basicity toward the smaller proton but it does reduce the interaction with the much larger CO2 molecule. This is why one mixed amine absorbent that performs particularly well is PZ in combination with AMP (Seo and Hong, 2000; Samanta and Bandyopadhyay, 2009). AMP is a primary amine with a large enthalpy of protonation.

The reverse reactions for CO2 desorption are very fast for primary, secondary, and tertiary amines. In fact, they can be considered instantaneous. The rate-limiting step for desorption is how rapidly CO2 can transfer from the liquid phase to the gas phase. The reason packing is used in the stripper is to maximize the surface area for CO2 release. 4 Putting it all together We now have all the fundamental pieces that can be put together to describe the chemical and physical processes that occur in concert during CO2 separation: solubility, diffusion, chemical reactions, and thermodynamics.

Chemical equilibria and CO2 solubility shift in favor of CO2 release. The fundamentals of post-combustion capture 31 3. The reverse reactions are fast, and desorption rate is limited only by diffusion. 4. Desorption is endothermic, so heat must be put into the absorbent to maintain its temperature. Also CO2(g) being released must be diluted below the equilibrium partial pressure to maintain driving force. Both of these tasks are carried out using steam. The overall rate of desorption is given by the same equations as absorption.

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