By Alfred-Maurice de Zayas
The ultimate section and the aftermath of worldwide warfare II observed hundreds of thousands of refugees and displaced folks wandering throughout jap Europe in a single of the main brutal and chaotic migrations in global history.The genocidal barbarism of the Nazi forces has been good documented. What hitherto has been little identified is the destiny of fifteen million German civilians who chanced on themselves on the mercy of Soviet armies and at the incorrect aspect of recent postwar borders. in all places japanese Europe, the population of groups that have been confirmed for plenty of centuries have been both expelled or killed. Over million Germans didn't survive.Many of those humans had supported Hitler, and for the Czechs, Poles, Ukrainians, and surviving Jews, their destiny should have appeared simply. although, the good majority--East Prussian farmers, Silesian business staff, their other halves and children--were guiltless. Their destiny, sentenced simply by means of race, continues to be an appalling legacy of the period.Alfred de Zayas's publication describes this terrible retribution. at the foundation of in depth study in German and American records, he outlines the lengthy historical past of those German groups, scattered from the Baltic to the Danude, and, such a lot movingly, reproduces the tales of surviors from the catastrophic exodus that marked the ultimate finish to Nazi fantasies of Lebensraum.
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Extra info for A Terrible Revenge: The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans, 1944 - 1950
Poland was to be divided between the two signatory states. On September 1, 1939, Hitler grabbed Danzig and thereby unleashed the war. POLISH ATROCITIES AGAINST GERMANS FOLLOWING COMMENCEMENT OF HOSTILITIES The first victims of the war were Volksdeutsche, ethnic German civilians resident in and citizens of Poland. Using lists prepared years earlier, in part by lower administrative offices, Poland immediately deported 15,000 Germans to Eastern Poland. Fear and rage at the quick German victories led to hysteria.
At the start of the thirteenth century Duke Konrad of Masovia asked the Teutonic Order, one of the spiritual orders of knights that arose during the Crusades, for support. The Hohenstaufen Kaiser Friedrich II responded with the issuance of the Golden Bull of Rimini in 1226, by which document he justified the conquest and Christianization of Prussian lands. His friend and adviser Hermann of Salza, Grand Master of the order, accepted Konrad's appeal and was invested by the kaiser with Prussia and the Kulmerland.
Moravia; and the superlative Romantic composer and conductor Gustav Mahler (1860-1911). was born in Kalischt. Bohemia. although he is historically inseparable from the city of Vienna, where he directed the State Opera during its pinnacle of fame. under the legendary reign of Kaiser Franz Josef. and where he died in 1911. He is buried in the Grinzing Cemetery. During World War II. before the expulsion from the Sudetenland had begun. the distinguished Heldentenor Peter Hofmann was born in Marienbad on August 12.