Download A Student's Guide to Political Philosophy (Isi Guides to the by Harvey C. Mansfield PDF

By Harvey C. Mansfield

The ebook is a short chronological account of Western political notion interspersed with a number of the author's techniques. i used to be upset firstly while i noticed how brief this booklet I had received was once simply because i used to be hoping for a few meaty examining, yet i spotted that the most function of this ebook is to direct the reader to the particular texts. Mansfield supplies a quick record on the finish of the ebook of the simplest translations.

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Extra resources for A Student's Guide to Political Philosophy (Isi Guides to the Major Disciplines)

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Political systems 1 Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) formalized Machiavelli; he put him in a formula, made him more universal, exact, and scientific, and took away his concern for great individuals and founding deeds. With Hobbes, the passion of modern thought for theory becomes visible and paramount. The ancients tried to consider things from all points of 36 A Student’s Guide to Political Philosophy view and to consult all opinions; they tried to understand and they aimed for wisdom. Anyone who reads them now may question their relevance to today’s issues, but one can hardly fail to learn from them unless one is entirely preoccupied with those issues.

The unity of Christendom under the medieval Church had collapsed, and Hobbes looked for a remedy that would prove more lasting than any mere 37 Harvey C. Mansfield compromise among the warring parties. He came up with a novel concept he called the “state of nature,” a concept which revolutionized political thinking and still today remains the fundamental principle of modern life. Modern life is the life of individuals, which does not mean outstanding individuals, persons who by nature or character are distinguished from others in some striking way.

Here Hobbes departs from Machiavelli, who had looked for princes to inspire fear. Hobbes looks for subjects who feel fear. Hobbes’s scheme was too extreme to work—too contrary to virtue and common sense. John Locke (1632-1704) John Locke (1632-1704) was the son of a Puritan landowner and attorney. He studied at Christ Church, Oxford, and later took a position as a tutor there in Greek, rhetoric, and philosophy. He also practiced medicine. Always circumspectly interested in politics, Locke in 1667 became private secretary to Ashley Cooper, later the Earl of Shaftesbury, a leader of the Protestant party in the political intrigues of Restoration England.

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