By Marian Radetzki
Книга A instruction manual of fundamental Commodities within the international economic system A guide of fundamental Commodities within the international EconomyКниги Экономика Автор: Marian Radetzki Год издания: 2008 Формат: pdf Издат.:Economy" Cambridge collage Press Страниц: 244 Размер: 1,2 ISBN: 0521880203 Язык: Английский 34 (голосов: 1) Оценка:The global goes via a good commodity increase caused by way of an international call for surprise principally attributable to the surprising emergence of China and India as massive uncooked fabric importers. costs of various commodities tripled among 2003 and 2006, leading to large windfalls for manufacturers and a monetary squeeze on shoppers. A guide of basic Commodities within the international financial system is a consultant to the fine details of this more and more an important a part of the area economic climate. Assuming not anything extra from readers than a uncomplicated figuring out of economics, Marian Radetzki introduces and explains pertinent matters surrounding foreign commodity markets reminiscent of the worldwide geography of uncooked fabrics, expense formation, rate developments, the function of commodity exchanges, the specter of depletion, cartel motion, country possession and the recent commodity nationalism.
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Extra info for A Handbook of Primary Commodities in the Global Economy
That would explain why the highest protection is afforded to food products, while the protective measures for non-food commodities of agricultural and mineral origin are much more relaxed. Energy materials are indispensable too, but the protective measures have so far been restrained, perhaps because many importing countries have little prospect of replacing imports by domestic supply, and, where such prospects exist, the expansion of output within the country would be very costly. Another rationale for protection is a concern about the labor and capital employed in existing domestic installations.
4 Conclusion The main findings of this historical overview of some aspects of commodity markets are easily stated: 1. Economic development almost invariably reduces the role played by commodities in the macroeconomy. Poor, undeveloped economies produce raw materials and consume them after only limited processing. As economies advance, the scope for further and more sophisticated processing increases, as does the scope for the expansion of activities with limited raw material input needs, notably the service sector.
But while, with few exceptions, the primary share of GDP shrinks as economies develop, it is essential to keep in mind that commodities are indispensable, and that no society, however economically advanced, can survive without their assured supply. 2. Historically the production and consumption of commodities was basically a national affair. Excepting expensive luxury goods, like coffee and precious metals, commodities were simply too expensive to transport across borders and oceans. The secular fall in transport costs has greatly increased international trade in commodities, making it possible to move production to locations which offer the The historical framework 21 lowest cost opportunities.