By John W. I. Lee
Professor Lee presents a social and cultural historical past of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got usually been portrayed as a unmarried summary political group, this e-book unearths that lifestyles within the military used to be ordinarily formed by means of a collection of smaller social groups: the formal unit agency of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It comprises complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic relatives among the warriors, apparatus and shipping, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and ingesting, sanitation and remedy, and plenty of different issues. It additionally accords specified consciousness to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historical literary and archaeological proof, old and glossy comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and glossy struggle reviews. This e-book is vital examining for a person engaged on historical Greek struggle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.
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Extra resources for A Greek army on the march : soldiers and survival in Xenophon's Anabasis
Constant practice: An. 28–30. 152 An. 24. 153 An. 25–6. An. 17. 40 A Greek Army on the March Not everyone who went off on his own got killed. From Trapezus onward, men began to leave ranks, either disappearing into one or the other of the Greek poleis, or taking ship and sailing west. 154 In the end, about 6,000 Cyreans made it to Byzantium, out of the 9,000 or more who reached Trapezus. 155 thrace and the propont is In early fall 400 bc, the Cyreans finally arrived at Byzantium. 156 If the Black Sea coast had been a mixture of the familiar and unfamiliar, Thrace and the Propontis represented a homecoming of sorts.
17–19. 134 An. 2. An. 31–2. The absence of villages near Heracleia is implied by An. 5. Diplomatic relations: An. 7. 137 For the Cyreans, all these people meant consistent and abundant supplies, another nice change from Anatolia. 139 There were as well gifts of wine, enough to get every soldier in the army drunk several times over, and herds of sheep and cattle to barbecue. 140 The coastal peoples were also eager to make a profit from the Cyreans. 142 Where gifts or markets were absent or insufficient, the Cyreans fed off the countryside.
11–18. Five minas on the Attic standard was 500 drachmas, or more than 16 months’ pay at a drachma per day; see Dillery (2001) 87. An. 18. 27 From there, the army advanced for three weeks, most of July, through desert country along the left bank of the upper Euphrates valley. 28 It was a calculated risk. Cyrus probably hoped to surprise Artaxerxes by taking the less traveled path, but the valley had such sparse resources that his army would strip it bare on the passage downstream. 29 The first twelve days out from Thapsacus were not that bad.