By Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin
On sixteen September 1963 Malaysia got here into being with the accession of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore to the present Federation of Malaya. This booklet marks the fiftieth anniversary of this remarkable occasion in South East Asia's heritage. the point of interest of the booklet can be frequently at the adventure of Sabah and Sarawak as matters of the federation. It appears on the adventure of federalism from a few varied views, holding in brain not only the consequences of federalism on Sabah and Sarawak but in addition the consequences at the federation as an entire. Has the cut price of 1963 been adhered to? Has Malaysian federalism been a winning instance of this manner of presidency in Asia, or has the discount been undermined in methods opposite to the unique deal within the Malaysia contract of 1963? What were the sensible results on East Malaysia in the course of 50 years?
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Extra resources for 50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited
Article 1(1) clarifies that ‘The Federation’ shall be known, in Malay and in English, by the name ‘Malaysia’. Yet Article 160 of the Constitution, providing on the one hand that ‘Merdeka Day’ refers to 31 August 1957, also on the other hand defines ‘the Federation’ as the federation established under the Federation of Malaya Agreement 1957, not the Malaysia Agreement 1963. So it seems that after fifty years, or fifty-seven according to one’s calculation, Malaysia still has an existential problem of some kind.
So it seems that after fifty years, or fifty-seven according to one’s calculation, Malaysia still has an existential problem of some kind. The legal position can probably be best expressed by saying that ‘the Federation’ referred to repeatedly in the Constitution is the federation established by the 1957 Agreement as modified by the 1963 Agreement, and whose powers and structure are defined extensively in the Constitution. This technical confusion is not purely a draftsman’s issue. There was a palpable sense in September 2013 that federation itself was an issue only for Sabah and Sarawak.
He served as Sabah state secretary, the state’s highest civil servant, from 1989 to 1993. He lived through the colonial period and saw North Borneo becoming Sabah. In Sipaun’s view, federalism has been subverted by the federal government systematically over the entire period of fifty years, and he is sceptical that any changes will occur without a change in the federal government. Dato Dr Peter Mooney’s interview is of equal interest. 12 In his view, the federation was a ‘done deal’ even though the peoples of Sarawak, at that time, had no concept of a nation nor had any inclination towards Malaya, or for that matter, Singapore.